Obstructive sleep apnea risk varies in patients with different types of epilepsy

People with generalized epilepsy who have seizures arising from both sides of the brain simultaneously, have a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to patients who have focal epilepsy where seizures emanate from one area of the brain, according to a Rutgers study. Source

Identical signs of brain damage in sleep apnea and Alzheimer’s

New research shows damage in the brain starts in the same place and spreads in the same way in sleep apnea, as in Alzheimer’s disease. The study is the first to find Alzheimer’s-like amyloid plaques in the brains of people with clinically-verified obstructive sleep apnea, a condition that affects more than 936 million people worldwide. Source

Gut microbiome plays important role in sleep regulation

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects more than one billion people worldwide. Evidence suggests OSA can alter the gut microbiome (GM) and may promote OSA-associated co-morbidities, including diabetes, hypertension and cognitive problems. Researchers have discovered how OSA-related sleep disturbances affect the gut microbiome in mice and how transplanting those gut bacteria into other mice can cause changes to sleep patterns in the recipient mice. Source

3D face photos could be a sleep apnea screening tool

Facial features analyzed from 3D photographs could predict the likelihood of having obstructive sleep apnea, according to a new study. Source

Artificial intelligence could enhance diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders

Artificial intelligence has the potential to improve efficiencies and precision in sleep medicine, resulting in more patient-centered care and better outcomes, according to a new position statement. Source

Chronic opioid therapy can disrupt sleep, increase risk of sleep disorders

Patients and medical providers should be aware that chronic opioid use can interfere with sleep by reducing sleep efficiency and increasing the risk of sleep-disordered breathing. Source

Type 2 diabetes and sleep problems in midlife women

Hormone changes are known to alter insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, as well as interfere with women’s sleep patterns. But little was known about the association between diabetes and sleep disturbances during the menopause transition until now, as a new study concludes that women with diabetes are at greater risk for sleep disturbances. Source

Treat insomnia before sleep apnea

The ‘double whammy’ of co-occurring insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea is a complex problem best managed with non-drug targeted psych interventions, a new study has found. By following simple new guidelines, people with the concurrent conditions reported great improvement to both their sleep, and their health — with about 50% improvement in global insomnia severity and night-time insomnia after 6 months. Source

Obstructive sleep apnea may be one reason depression treatment doesn’t work

When someone is depressed and having suicidal thoughts or their depression treatment just isn’t working, their caregivers might want to check to see if they have obstructive sleep apnea, investigators say. Source

Poor sleep quality and fatigue plague women with premature ovarian insufficiency

Sleep disturbances are a frequent complaint of women in the menopause transition and postmenopause. A new study demonstrates that women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) who are receiving hormone therapy have poorer sleep quality and greater fatigue than women of the same age with preserved ovarian function. Source